Cultures in Contact – An exhibition presents 10 years of Basel excavations in Francavilla Marittima
More than 30 ancient graves have been uncovered by archaeologists and students from the University of Basel as part of an educational excavation in southern Italy. The graves date from a time when the first Greeks and Orientals arrived in the region about 3,000 years ago, and document the cultural exchange with the local population. The results and methods of the research project will now be presented in an exhibition at the University Library of Basel, which opens on April 12, 2019.
Even in ancient times, the south of Italy was a hub for migration. The Iron Age settlement of Francavilla Marittima (ca. 800-700 BC) played a key role as a contact point between the local population, and traders and colonists from Greece and the Near East.
Since 2009, the Basel project has been researching the burial site of this settlement, and has uncovered 33 graves of women, men, and children to date. Grave items such as vessels, figurines, jewelry, and weapons offer a wealth of information about the lifestyle of the local elite and their reaction to the arrival of the colonists.
Productive cultural exchange
“Initially, we suspected strong differences between the locals and the colonists,” states the archaeologist Prof. Martin Guggisberg, who has been leading the excavation. “After 10 years of research, however, we are seeing the relationship in a new light: confrontation and opposition did not determine the picture, but rather it was dynamic processes of cultural transformation that led to the gradual establishment of a new, Greek order from around 700 BC onward.
The research team discovered evidence of the intertwining of the traditional and the new in the tomb of a local ruler. Among his grave items were different sorts of vessels and bowls that point to Greece and prove the adoption of new drinking and cultural practices. In contrast, his inhumation in the fetal position emphasized his adherence to the local tradition.
Iron swords in plaster mold
Of special importance was also the discovery of three iron swords. They belong to the oldest examples of this new weapon type in Italy, and document the dissemination of new fighting techniques from the East. Since the swords were very poorly preserved, the research team first used a plaster mold and then digital analysis methods to reconstruct them graphically and in a 3D print.
From excavation to exhibition
Over the years, more than 70 students participated in the teaching excavation in Francavilla Marittima, learning how to use pickaxes, trowels, and brushes as well as the latest surveying technology and digital documentation methods. The students conceived the exhibition “Cultures in Contact” under the guidance of Atelier Degen+Meili, an exhibition consultancy based in Basel. The result of the collaboration is a presentation that not only makes the cultural contacts at the time visible, but also presents the working methods of the project.
Prof. Dr. Martin Guggisberg from the Department of Archaeology at the University of Basel will introduce the exhibition on 12 April 2019 at 5.30 pm. Further speakers will be Prof. Dr. Thomas Grob, Vice President of the University of Basel, Dr. Pietro Maria Paolucci, Italian Consul in Basel, as well as Dr. Franco Bettarini, Mayor of Francavilla Marittima.
Prof. Dr. Martin A. Guggisberg, University of Basel, Classicial Archeology, phone +41 61 207 30 64, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Marta Imbach, University of Basel, Classicial Archeology, phone +41 61 207 29 50
Lukas Meili, Atelier Degen+Meili, phone +41 79 589 29 48, email: email@example.com