Light, sound, action: extending the life of sound waves
Information carried by light can be stored into sound waves that travel at a speed a 100 000 times slower than light. For information processing, sensing and other applications, this temporary storage can be very useful. However, hypersonic sound waves have a very short lifetime of several nanoseconds – too short for many applications. A team of scientists in Europe and Australia has demonstrated that light can refresh decaying sound waves. The results were recently published in the journal Optica.
Future tech, high-speed internet as well as radar and sensor technology, requires the low-heat, fast transmission of information. Chips using light and sound, rather than electricity, could meet this demand: They use sound waves, known as phonons, to store and transfer the information they receive from fibre-optic cables. This allows the chips to operate without needing electrons, which produce heat.
However, information transferred from light waves into sound waves decays in nanoseconds, which is not long enough for applications. Birgit Stiller, who leads an independent research group at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, developed a new technique to refresh these acoustic phonons in a project together with Moritz Merklein from the Eggleton Research Group at the University of Sydney and Christian Wolff from the University of Southern Denmark.
Refreshing acoustic waves through light
“What we have done is use carefully timed synchronised pulses of light to reinforce the sound waves,” said Birgit Stiller. “We have shown for the first time that refreshing these phonons is possible and that information can therefore be stored and processed for a much longer time.”
The scientists were able to extend the lifetime of the information stored in sound waves on the chip by 300 percent, from 10 nanoseconds to 40 nanoseconds. “We plan to use this method to further extend how long the information remains on-chip,” said Moritz Merklein. And Christian Wolff added: “Theoretically this concept can be extended to the microsecond regime.”
“So far, the storage was fundamentally limited by the lifetime of the sound waves. Refreshing the acoustic waves allows us to overcome this constraint,” Birgit Stiller said. This proof-of-principle demonstration opens many possibilities for optical signal processing, fine filtering, high-precision sensing and telecommunications. The research, published in the journal Optica, was done in collaboration with the University of Sydney, the Australian National University and the University of Southern Denmark.
Dr Birgit Stiller, email@example.com
Birgit Stiller, Moritz Merklein, Christian Wolff, Khu Vu, Pan Ma, Stephen J. Madden, and Benjamin J. Eggleton, “Coherently refreshing hypersonic phonons for light storage”, Optica 7 (5), 492-492 (2020), https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.386535